General tasks:

The most important work in the fall:

Task Execution
Turn the compost pile to better mix the individual components.
Spread mature compost on beds and borders for winter protection.
Dig up heavy clay soil, leaving clumps uncrushed. Winter frost will do this work, improving soil structure.
Pick up fall leaves to turn into leaf compost.
Frost-sensitive plants belong in winter quarters no later than October.
Remove annual plants Faded annuals can be removed now. Collect their seeds for reseeding next year.
Plant trees and shrubs in late fall.
New woody plants are best planted just before winter dormancy.

Cucumbers, zucchini, beans, lettuces, potatoes, leafy, root and tuber vegetables, as well as numerous cabbage vegetables: Even in September, you can still harvest plenty in the garden. Make sure that the vegetables – with the exception of some species such as Brussels sprouts, which do not mind the cold – are stored or otherwise preserved or processed in good time before the first frost. You can also harvest the last tomatoes – even if they are still green – and let them ripen in a fruit bowl embroidered with apples.

Think also already about the next garden year and collect vegetable and flower seeds, which are best stored in small paper bags in an airy and dry place. Only cold-germinating plants need to be set out now, as they need a cold stimulus to germinate: Daylily, phlox, torch lily, monkshood or lady’s mantle must therefore already in the fall in the bed. This also applies to most early-flowering bulb flowers such as tulips, crocuses and daffodils. You should place these in the bed in October at the latest.

Perennial garden perennials such as delphinium, margarite and lupine are best propagated now by division, and many woody plants can also be cut back from the end of September. The lawn continues to be mowed.

In October, harvest the last vegetables and late fruits such as quinces. In addition, you should now catch up on any work that may have been left undone in September:

dig up harvested beds
Sow green manure
plant flower bulbs
Sow cold seedlings
Plant woody plants
Putting potted plants into winter quarters
Mulch beds and borders

Furthermore, it is now important to remove leaves regularly. This is particularly important on lawns, as rot can develop under the thick layer of leaves. However, you do not have to dispose of the leaves, but can make valuable leaf humus out of them. To do this, simply put the leaves in the compost, either on their own or with other garden waste.
Now is also the right time to cut back faded perennial plants and grasses, as well as to pile up the roses.

Even in November, clear away leaves so that the plants underneath do not suffocate. Also make the garden finally winter-proof by weeding one last time and then spread compost and mulch in the beds at the latest now and protect sensitive plants from the cold. Potted plants are best overwintered frost-free in cool winter quarters.

In November, you can also still plant many fruit trees and shrubs as well as prune back already existing fruit trees. You should also place glue rings around the trunks to prevent insect pests from overwintering. This measure should not be neglected, especially in apple trees.


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