The following general garden chores await you in early spring.
Fertilize plants cut back in winter and apply a generous layer of mulch.
Mulch borders and paths, provided the soil is moist and weed-free.
Prepare the soil for planting by digging.
Remove perennial weeds from beds. Clean up driveways and paths.
As the weather warms and there is no rain for an extended period of time, be sure to provide adequate watering during this most important growing season.
March marks the beginning of the gardening year. Start the new season by first cleaning up the garden vigorously and keeping it tidy after the winter:
Cut back wilted and dead plant parts.
Rake the beds and borders thoroughly.
Remove any leaves or mulch left over from the previous year.
Cut back plants such as roses and other flowering plants.
Perennials also receive a strong pruning.
Fruit trees can also be pruned now.
Shred the cuttings and compost them.
Check your garden plants for diseases and pests.
Treat them if necessary.
Replace damaged planters.
The perfect time to prune roses is traditionally when the forythia blooms. Summer bloomers such as clematis, hydrangea and lavender can also be pruned now. Pay increased attention to diseases, as plants weakened by winter are especially susceptible now. Remove infected plant parts and dispose of them in the household waste.
Those who have not yet done so, prune their fruit trees now. Only peaches and sweet cherries are pruned in the summer after harvest. Prepare everything for the coming harvest by bringing forward frost-sensitive vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers on the windowsill. Directly into the cold frame, on the other hand, you can plant hardier plants such as early radishes, kohlrabi or radishes, which you can sow or else put into the ground as pre-grown plants.
Annual summer flowers such as sweet peas or snapdragons can also be grown in advance and then placed in the bed as young plants from April onwards. The sooner you can enjoy the pretty flowers.
Berry bushes such as gooseberries can be planted now, and the strawberry bed must also be prepared for the new season. Remove wilted and dead plant parts (preferably with sharp scissors!), weed, loosen the soil and work in some composted manure as fertilizer. Alternatively, you can use berry fertilizer
The lawn is happy to have these maintenance tasks done in March:
Rake over bare or expired spots and reseed.
Lime as needed.
Weed, fertilize the lawn and apply moss killer if necessary.
Once grass begins to grow on established lawns, you can mow.
By April, the preparatory work is done, and now the gardening really gets started. Fertilize all garden plants that need it – this applies especially to perennial shrubs and perennials, but also bulb flowers and vegetable plants. These plants need the fresh supply of nutrients, as they have their greatest growth spurt at this time and need energy and nutrients accordingly. Plants that are malnourished in the spring will develop only meager growth as well as a lack of blooms and little fruit.
Adequate watering is also important now, especially if there is little rain in April. But for this, there may already be many a hot day, which puts the plants under stress. Watering is best done early in the morning, which is especially important in gardens that are increasingly threatened by slugs – here you should definitely not water in the evening, as this only attracts the animals additionally.
In addition, frost-insensitive vegetables can be sown directly into the bed from April onwards. However, be careful not to sow all the seeds at the same time, but to put them in the ground at different times. That way, after all, you won’t harvest the vegetables all at once (and get flooded), but gradually. Hardy perennials can also be planted now, as well as summer flowers (provided they are not frost sensitive). Be sure to work in compost beforehand so that the plants have sufficient nutrients available.
Your lawn should be, if not already done in March, at the latest now
Lime and fertilize (with a time delay, of course)
scarify and remove felt and dead material
reseed bare spots
In May, you can enjoy the first harvest – provided, of course, that you have sown and planted accordingly early. Radishes, spring onions, spinach, lettuce and chard can already be harvested. Early kohlrabi and radish is also ready. Furthermore, May is wild garlic month: do you have the spicy herb in your garden? If not, then it’s high time to cultivate it!
In May, the weather is often exciting again, because the Ice Saints often cause a cold snap in the middle of the month. However, once this has passed, you can now bring cold-sensitive plants outside. This applies not only to potted plants such as bougainvillea, oleander, geraniums and the like, but also to many popular vegetables such as tomatoes and peppers. Beans, zucchini and cucumbers are also quite sensitive and are only now allowed outdoors. The same applies to many herbs, which you have ideally pre-pulled and which now come into the bed.
However, even after the Ice Saints, make sure that sensitive plants are protected from the cold by covering them with a fleece, for example.
Otherwise, you now have the same tasks in terms of care as in April:
fertilize (if not already done)
ensure a sufficient water supply
weed and prevent weeds (e.g. by mulching)
Loosen the soil in the beds
Furthermore, it is important to carefully check the garden plants for aphids. These pests spread in the garden quite early in the year, which is why it makes sense to combat them early on – the less you have to worry about a real plague later on. Slugs should also be collected regularly and the beds protected from the voracious animals by appropriate measures.
Don’t forget to prick out your seedlings now so the young plants have plenty of room to grow.